Friday, February 21, 2014

09- How to Calculate Freight Class

How to Calculate Freight Class

How to Calculate Freight Class

Freight Class Definition

The National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) standardized the way freight carriers determine shipping rates. There are 18 different class numbers ranging from 50 to 500. These numbers correspond to the type of item being shipped and how easy it is to transport. When calculated correctly, these numbers never change based on fluctuating fuel prices, general rate increases (GRIs) or distance. 

Although the rate may change based on these factors, the freight class number itself will remain the same as long as the commodity and shipment details remain the same.

The NMFTA classifies shipments based on the following four standards:

1. Density or weight per cubic foot.

2. Stowability or the space required to transport and if the item can be stacked.

3. Handling or how easy it is to transport the item and the type of equipment necessary to transport it safely.

4. Liability or the value of the shipment in case of loss or damage. This factor is important when shipping perishable or fragile goods.

Density Calculator

A freight class calculator is used to calculate density or pounds per cubic foot. By entering quantity, weight and dimensions, this calculator calculates shipment density. The density can then be used to determine a number. Most of these calculators are available for free online. The number associated with a density is merely a suggestion and if you are unsure about your freight class, you should contact a freight broker agent who can further assist.

Since the NMFTA has copyrighted the freight classification process, the list of freight classes cannot be published to the public. Due to this fact, many companies try to make it easier to determine your class by developing density calculators since density is the main contributing factor.

How to Install an Online Calculator

As mentioned above, many companies let you upload or install their calculators for free. If you are a website owner and are in need of a freight class calculator, all you need to do is copy and paste the HTML code provided by the company and save to a page on your website.

From that point, visitors to your site can enter their shipment details and calculate their shipment density. Visitors can then provide their shipment's class to a carrier or freight broker when they are in need of a shipping quote. These free online tools make determining your class simple and easy.

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